Development of white patches on different areas of the skin is termed as vitiligo. Vitiligo also called as Leucoderma, is a chronic skin disorder developed due to damaged pigment cells called melanocytes. When these pigment-producing cells get destroyed, skin tends to lose its colour in that particular area due to lack of melanocytes. These white patches may further spread to other parts of the body and most affected parts of the body include hands, fingers, wrist, armpits, legs, feet, skin around eyes, neck, face, genitals and back. Even though people of all skin types get affected by vitiligo, the white patches of vitiligo are more visible in people with dark skin complexion. The hair present on affected areas like eyebrows, eyelashes and beard also becomes white or Grey. Vitiligo is neither a contagious disease nor a life threatening disease, but the white patches appearing on skin can affect individual physically and mentally. Vitiligo can increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders. This condition is mostly seen in children and youngsters and even effects both the genders between 10 to 30 years of age.
Types of Vitiligo?
Depending on the area of discoloration, vitiligo is classified into different types namely
- Segmental vitiligo- This type is also referred to as unilateral or localized vitiligo and in this type only one side of the body gets affected i.e. white patches develop on only one side of the body.
- Non segmental vitiligo- This type is also referred to as generalized or bilateral vitiligo and this is considered to be the most common type of Vitiligo. Under this type patches develop on both sides of the body.
- Universal vitiligo- This types is very rare and under this complete body gets affected
What causes Vitiligo?
The exact cause of vitiligo is unknown, but it is believed to be an auto immune disorder. Factors that trigger the risk of vitiligo include
- Excess exposure to industrial and other chemicals
- Thyroid especially hyperthyroid directors
- Vitamin B 12 deficiency
- Skin cancers
Symptoms of Vitiligo?
Vitiligo mainly leads to the development of white patches on different parts of the skin and this is the only symptom. Few people also experience these white patches inside the mouth and nose. People with vitiligo do not encounter any other symptoms like itching and dry skin unlike other skin disorders.
Complications of Vitiligo?
Though vitiligo is not life threatening, it can increase your risk of few complications like hearing loss, vision problems, painful sunburn and others.
Homeopathy treatment for Vitiligo
Homeopathy works very efficiently in cases with vitiligo. Natural remedies used in the vitiligo treatment are safe, free from side effects and treats the roots of the problem like immune disorders, thyroid problems and so on. Homeocare International offers most suitable constitutional treatment for vitiligo based on the symptoms and severity of the problem. These constitutional remedies not just control further spreading of white patches to other areas but also enhance the production of melanocytes.